The Congress IOTSWC 2017 presents some keys on the adoption of sensors in the field of Internet of Things.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is driving the development of advanced services that help to process information in real time , which means that it is necessary to have large volumes of storage, as well as to enjoy more computational power and smarter sensors and autonomous .
From the IoT Solutions World Congress, IoTSWC 2017 , have identified some of the key references in the adoption of these new sensors , which are merged with microprocessors and contribute to achieve a huge qualitative jump in the short term within the IoT ecosystem.
Scientists Jesús Pacheco and Salim Hariri, members of the National Science Foundation Center for Cloud and Autonomic Computing at the University of Arizona, USA, state that “in all applications developed for IoT, sensors are the indispensable element to transfer the physical world to the digital world , a process that is benefited by the integration of fog computing.
They also indicate that an IoT circuit based on fog and cloud is also capable of building a new ecosystem of affordable and cost effective services .
Also, both scientists warn of the security risks derived from the proliferation of sensor networks as they are elements vulnerable to certain attacks that occur increasingly in internet infrastructures of things.
US security expert IoT Roopak Venkatakrishnan advocates the use of redundant sensor mechanisms to detect anomalous security-related responses as he believes they are more robust and effective when faced with sophisticated cyber attacks.
Venkatakrishnan states that “the reliability and security of applications, sensors and IoT elements can be improved only to a certain extent, before the deployment of the system. The reasons are varied and may come from restrictions related to electricity consumption, the complexity of the infrastructure itself, an inadequate IoT design or a lack of planning. ”
Majeed Ahmad, author of ‘IoT and the Evolution of Smart Sensors’, points out that a door is opened to optimize efficiency in the processing and collection of data in IoT infrastructures with the arrival of MCU, which would become the symbiosis between a sensor and a microprocessor, performing autonomous functions of calibration and diagnosis.
The Indian expert comments that a smart sensor can make use of local computing power to process and interpret data in isolation; make decisions based on measurable physical parameters; and establish the relevant communication.
In addition, he explains that smart sensors add a higher level of sophistication to the efficiency of IoT communication processes and, Ahmad admits, have the ability to transform many industrial sectors and everyday environments.
Gartner Research vice president and partner David Cearley highlights artificial intelligence (AI) and automatic learning (ML) -that include deep learning technologies, neural networks and natural language processing -as well as the elements which will accompany the most advanced platforms.
In their view, “systems can learn and change their future behavior, leading to the creation of smarter devices and programs . In parallel, the combination of computational power, advanced algorithms and data sets that arrive massively to feed these algorithms is giving rise to the birth of a new era. ”
The so-called “father of sensors”, Janus Bryzek, argues that the acceleration of massive adoption of the IoT ecosystem is due to different causes.
In that sense, it indicates that “the new Internet Protocol IPv6 will allow to connect a virtually unlimited number of devices and sensors linked in network”.
Another important reason is that large IT vendors such as Cisco, IBM, GE and Amazonhave decided to offer IoT support , “by applying changes to their networks, adding technology fog, and probably also Swarm technology, reducing complexity and lower costs of network connectivity “.
Bryzek predicts that, “given GE’s estimates , they are talking about an industrial internet with a potential that will add 15 quintillion dollars to global gross domestic product over the next 20 years (and Cisco raising up to 19 quintillion dollars its prediction of the value that will have internet of all things (IoE) in the year 2020), the ecosystem of IoT will experience the most relevant growth that has ever made the history of humanity.